Monday, April 15, 2019
Theme in Hamlet Essay Example for Free
Theme in sm only town endeavorB.) Through sharp melodic phrase, a char constituteer foil enhances certain traits of a central character. Analyze how secondary characters operate as foils and argon employed to develop theme in juncture. In Shakespeares laugher village, it is proven that secondary characters help develop the understanding of the main character as foils. Foils help the reader make comparisons betwixt the major and minor characters through par entirelyels. During the play we see humanityy of junctures strengths and helplessnesses through characters like Laertes and Fortinbras. Other minor characters include Ophelia, Polonius, and Gertrude who contributes to Hamlets so called madness, which helps develop the theme of a bombers fatal flaw of overthinking leading to tragedy.In this essay I will explain the mistakableities, differences and relationships between each foil and how their behaviors affect Hamlet personally. end-to-end the play Hamlet displays a difficulty in making final decisions due to his overthinking unlike Laertes and Fortinbras who tends to make blizzard decisions based upon feelings. Firstly, Hamlets softness to sweep away Claudius is foiled by Fortinbras willingness to avenge his commences lost kingdom over a small piece of land. Secondly, Hamlet and Laertes gain different types relationships with their fathers, Hamlet despises Claudius where as Laertes loved Polonius.These relationships cause some(prenominal) Laertes and Hamlet unavoidablenessing to avenge the murders of their fathers but for different fences. While Laertes is determined to instantly retaliate, Hamlet on the other hand pro dours his revenge due to his natural flaw of overanalyzing. Thirdly, both Laertes and Hamlet have similar obsessions towards their women and the preservation of sanctity. Hamlet is confused and enraged most his returns incestuous marriage to his uncle and Laertes is enthusiastic about his babys relationship with Ha mlet. The parallels between the secondary foils help the audiences gain a relegate understanding of Hamlets fatal flaw of over-processing throughout the play.In Shakespeares play Hamlet, Fortinbras the prince of Norway and Hamlet the prince of Denmark luck many similarities and differences thus making Fortinbras an important secondary character and a foil to Hamlet. Fortinbras father was slain by Hamlets father and Hamlets father, Hamlet seniorwas poisoned his pal Claudius who is now the king of Denmark. Fortinbras wishes to attack Denmark to avenge his fathers honor and Hamlet wishes to someday gobble up Claudius as revenge for his father. This is thimpostume of much wealth and peace, that inward breaks and shows no cause without wherefore the man dies (A.4.s4, 26-28).Hamlet remarks on Fortinbras invasion and views it as unnecessary but Fortinbras tells the captain to lie to the king insure him that his only intentions were to travel through Denmark to get to Poland. This is the first meter Fortinbras is shown as a real and impendent threat to the state of Denmark. Why yet I live to say this things to do, Sith I have cause and will and strength and means to dot. (A.4.s4, 43-44). Hamlet contemplates his purpose of living and questions why he can non go through with murdering Claudius. He is coming to a realization that his plan is taking a long time to execute and every single advantage is on his side except the act itself-importance.Witness this army of much(prenominal) mass and charge led by a delicate and stonecutter prince, whose spirit divine ambition puffed makes mouths at the invisible event, exposing what is moral and unsure to all that fortune, shoemakers last, and risk dare, even for an eggshell (A.4.s4, 46-52). Hamlet shows admiration for the princes ambition to fight for no penny-pinching reason but is aware of the severity of war. In this scene we see Hamlet succumbing to his over analytic cerebration process while Fortinbras is pla nning to defeat the king with little judgment.Fortinbras ability to act foils Hamlets inability to act, while Fortinbras is attacking without regard towards himself, his men or his country Hamlet complies with reason to not attack. This reveals Fortinbras hunger for not only revenge but besides power like Hamlet both are only crowned as only princes and not kings after the death of their fathers.Hamlet and Fortinbras share related backgrounds of creation raised among the wealthy, both princes had the opportunity of being king and both are quest revenge for their slain fathers. Although sharing many similarities appearances do not match reality and signifies the contradiction of bully minds think alike. Ultimately, Hamlets overthinking leads to his downfall and Fortinbras successfully conquers Denmark and becomes king.Laertes is another important secondary foil to Hamlet also sharing many similarities and differences that highlights Hamlets weaknesses. Laertes and Hamlet share t he similarity of quick paradoxical passion. Hamlet stabs Polonius during the heat of an argument and Laertes threatens to kill the king without remorse after the death of Polonius. Hamlets father, Hamlet Sr. was secretly poisoned by king Claudius, which was revealed to Hamlet by the ghost of his father. Since, Hamlet has become obsessed with the idea of avenging his fathers death but delays because of his natural flaw of overthinking.Hamlet hesitates to kill Claudius during his confession because he rememberd that he would spare him of his crime, he wants to catch Claudius during sin because he would be everlastingly damned. He wants Claudius to suffer the consequences and decides to wait meanwhile Claudius wants to eliminate Hamlet because of his madness but does not want appear responsible for doing so. Of impious stubbornness. Tis unmanly grief. It shows a will most incorrect to heaven, a nubble unfortified, a mind impatient, an understanding simple and unschooled (A.1.s2, 94 -97). Claudius sc oldishs Hamlet on his incapability to forget about his father, he views it as unmanly and immature.He also considers Hamlets mourning use little and long overdue, if the state of Denmark can get over it so can Hamlet. Neither a borrower nor lender be, for bring oft loses both itself and a friend, and borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. This above all to thine own self be true, and it must follow, as the night they day, though canst not be false to any man. Farewell. My blessing time this in thee (A1.s3, 75-81). Before parting ways Polonius offers Laertes a few words of wisdom about friendships, self control, appearance and judgment. Overall he advises his son to remain true to himself as you can see Polonius shows a strong love and bond for his son. afterwards embarking on his trip to Paris Polonius sends Reynaldo to spy on Laertes although his intentions are good, he wants to ensure that Laertes remains studying and not misbehaving. Something have you heard o f Hamlets transformation- so call it, since nor th exterior nor inward man resembles what it was. What it should be, more than his fathers death, that hath put him so much from thunderstanding of himself, I cannot dream of (A.2.s2, 5-10). Claudius discusses his stepsons madness with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern who are longtime friends of Hamlet, during the backchat he asks them to spy on Hamlet and keep a constant eye on his unorthodox behavior.Claudius and Hamlets relationship also depicts an absence of trust between the cardinal. To understand the relationships between the two fathers and sons we must juxtapose the character traits of each individual. Claudius is conniving and scheming his motive of achieving absolute power is make clear throughout the play. He manipulates the state of Denmark to believing that his disorder of murder and incest within the country is acceptable. Claudius wants everyone to believe that he worries for Hamlet but truly thinks of Hamlet as a threat , so much so he strategizes a plan to do away with him for good. Polonius unlike Claudius has good intentions overall but a great deal wounds up making false conclusions throughout the play.As the kings trusted Lord of Chamberlain Polonius cares a great deal about his reputation and like the king views Hamlet as a threat. Throughout the play Polonius helps the king spy on Hamlet and advises his daughter Ophelia to stay away from his madness. Polonius genuinely adores his children and is frequently showing that through words of wisdom. Laertes models many of Poloniuss traits except the fact that he quick tempered. After hearing about the death his father Laertes immediately assumes Claudius as the murderer.Laertes makes it very clear to Claudius that he cares less about his reputation and is willing to do anything as long as it means revenge. Hamlet is also quick tempered although he overthinks many little details, he wasnt thinking at all when he accidentally killed Polonius. Duri ng an argument with Gertrude he mavend someone behind the curtain and instantly pretended it was Claudius. Hamlet wants to kill his uncle during sin, throughout the play we see Hamlet trying to prove his uncles wrong-doing to begin with planning any type of retaliation.Both families resemble many distinguishable traits that resulted to their tragic downfalls such as lying, spying and over processing. Both relationships foil each other in a sense because both are different and highlights not only Hamlets weakness but Laertes weakness as well. In the end Laertes forgave Hamlet for the death of his father but was killed by Hamlet during inclose duel and Hamlet poisoned Claudius. Hamlet was wounded and killed by Laertes sword that was previously poisoned.Another example of Laertes being a significant secondary foil to Hamlet is shown through the different obsessions with women. Hamlets reacts violently towards Gertrude and Ophelia sexual activity as opposed to Laertes who takes a calmer approach. Gertrude is Hamlets mother and the widow to Hamlet Sr. after the death of her husband she marries Hamlets uncle Claudius. Ophelia is the daughter of Polonius and Laertes younger sister she is also Hamletsold lover. Hamlet makes it no secret that he is disgusted with his mothers marriage to his uncle Claudius. He is stormy with his mother Gertrude for reconciling her love for his father and settling for Claudius. Laertes on the other hand is very preservative over his sisters abstinence, like most Elizabethan men he highly determine purity and is disgusted with anything less.She married- O, most wicked speed, to post with such dexterity to incestuous sheets (A.1.s2.156-157). Hamlet believes that his mothers marriage is incestuous and believes that his mother did not take time to fully mourn the death of the previous king. The thought of Gertrudes sexual relationship with Claudius consumes Hamlet, comparing it to an unattended tend he says,tis an unweeded garden t hat grows to seed.Things rank and gross in nature merely possesses it (A.1.s2.135-137) Gertrudes sexual relationship leaves Hamlet with a sense of a contaminated world, his disgust is so great that he eventually feels this way towards all women including Ophelia. Get thee to a nunnery Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself oblivious honest, but yet I could accuse me of such things that it were better mother had not borne me. I am very proud, revengeful, ambitious with more offences at my beck than thoughts I put them in, imagination to give them shape, or time to act them in (A.3.s1.121-127).Hamlet believes that women are the roots of evil he accuses Ophelia of being promiscuous and insists she is dishonest. Ophelia is distancing herself from Hamlet because her father advises her that he is mad and to not associate herself with him for the sake of a good reputation. Laertes also agrees with Polonius on this matter of a good reputation as he is trying hard to preserve Ophelias purity. Fear it, my dear sister and keep you in the rear of your affection, out of the shot and danger of desire.The chariest wetnurse is prodigal enough, if she unmask her beauty to the moon. Virtue itself scapes not calumnious strokes. The canker galls the infants to the spring, too oft before their buttons be disclosed. And in the morn and liquid dew of youth(A.1.s3.33-42). In this quote Laertes reinforces his fathers advice to Ophelia to not let her love for Hamlet become a target of lust. He also advises her to guard her good reputation because even worms ruin flowers before they blossom. Laertes does not want Hamlet to interfere with his sisters good reputation and does not want his false pretenses to interfere with her morals.In the Elizabethan times a deflowered woman was considered to be damaged goods that no man would marry, Laertes fears Hamlet taking advantage of his little sister and he wants to keep her chaste until marriage. Both Hamlet and Laertes struggle to come to terms with their loved ones sexuality but they go about it differently. Hamlet is more aggressive towards Gertrude after murdering Polonius as opposed to Laertes who takes a more understanding approach and offers his advice. This brings out Hamlets trait of being more in the lead and harshly enthusiastic towards his mothers relationship, which is caused by his flaw of overthinking.In conclusion in Shakespeares play Hamlet, secondary foils highlight Hamlets flaw of overthinking. Foils help the reader compare and contrast major characters from secondary characters. We see Hamlet strengths and weaknesses through characters like Fortinbras and Laertes other secondary characters include Polonius, Ophelia and Gertrude. Firstly, Hamlets inability to act upon revenge is foiled by Fortinbras ability to conquer.Secondly, Hamlets and Laertes have different relationships with their fathers. Through these relationships we see Hamlets struggle of revenge foiled by Laertes rash decisi on-making. Thirdly, Laertes and Hamlet share a similar obsession towards women but for different reasons. Hamlet is a interwoven individual who lets his fatal flaw lead to his tragedy.