Monday, May 13, 2019

Midterm Questions Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Midterm Questions - Essay ExampleAnaxi servicemander, another Miletian philosopher and is said to be the first generator of philosophy, was said to be the first to draw a map and have speculated that the earth is not pr ane but spherical floating in short letter. The first scientific idea on the evolution of man is said to have be Anaximanders first ideas out of his curiosity. 2. contribution 1. For Anaximander the earth is cylindrical in shape curved and round like a drum with flat surfaces and stays in proportionality at the center of the cosmos. The heavenly bodies ar according to him breathing holes in the air. By this Anaximander is trying to exempt the existence of the earth the sun and other elements in the sky. It is included in the history of philosophy because philosophy seeks to define what is real the same way Anaximander tries to relate the earth and the cosmos in a circular manner of thingswhy the sun, the moon and the stars are present in a cyclical pattern (S tamatellos,2006). Part 2. For Anaximander the earth never moves because in his cosmos the earth floats in the center and remains there by the forces surrounding it. Three of his astronomical speculations are (1) that the celestial bodies make full circles and pass also under the earth, (2) that the earth floats free and unsupported in space, and (3) that the celestial bodies lie behind matchless another. Thus in his cosmos the earth is unmoved and everything else revolves around it (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2012). 3. Anaximenes grand theory talks about the air as major predecessors of things. He pointed out that the moisture from the earth has formed other heavenly bodies. Although Anaximenes dogma is that the planets, sun and stars including the earth are flat disks, his assumption that these are above an entirely-encompassing air is one that is closely associated to modern thought of his time (Lawson, 2004). Anaximenes has his own way of explaining the difference b etween the planet and the stars that the planets are moving in connection with air duration the stars are fixed on its positions. These ways of mentation are one of the closest founding theories of his time. Anaximenes also imparted the significance of hot and cold on the defining of existing bodies. His works became a global inspiration on the discovery of atomic properties of matter. Anaximenes beliefs centered on air as the primary ingredient in the formation of the universe. In comparison, Thales believed that water is the main predecessor, while Anaximander held on to the theory of the constant and limitless source of life. 4. a. Draw and label all of the parts of the lame of Opposition. (Image source International Encyclopedia of Philosophy) b. Suppose that the proposition Some* are* joggers* is false*. For each one of the corresponding propositions, state whether it may be immediately inferred to be true or false. Provide a succinct explanation of how you reached one of y our immediately inferred conclusions. A. All are joggers- universal affirmative E. Not all are joggers- universal negation I. Some are joggers- limited affirmative O. some are not joggers- particular negation Proposition A is false because not all people are joggers some can be swimmers and other kinds of athletes. While proposition E states true that some people are joggers

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